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Understanding Your Acne

Acne, commonly known as pimple, zit etc etc. This is one of the most prevalent and frequently faced skin issues by many all across the globe. We all have had days when we woke up with a sudden zit on the face and especially when it’s a special day. That red bump with a yellow and painful tip is so annoying! Isn’t it?

Imagine having such pimples all over your face. How would you feel? How life would have been if this was your story? But for some that is the case. This can be treated with proper diagnosis and treatment by your dermatologist and they will tell you why you have a face full of acnes.

How to prevent acnes

As advised by dermatologists at Dermasort clinics, the key to prevent the development of acne is keeping your face super clean.

  • Wash your face at least twice or thrice a day and not more than that!

  • Use mild facial cleansers, this will remove all the dead skin cells and excess oils from your skin.

  • Exfoliation is the name of the game. These products contain salicylic acid, which shrinks your oil glands and cleans your pores.

  • Keeping your hair clean and oil-free will improve your acne as well.

  • Keep your hands away from your face, unless necessary!

  • Do not pick or scratch your acne.

  • Follow these tips to keep your skin acne-free. If you notice that your acnes is getting worse even with proper care, contact a dermatologist now! .

Six Types Of Acnes

1) Whiteheads

In almost all cases, acne happens because the pores in your skin are clogged. Clogged pores can happen when there is too much oil, bacteria, or skin cell production, or as a result of hormonal changes.

Whiteheads, also known as closed happen when pores are clogged all the way through. The length of the pore and the head of the pore are closed, creating a little white bump on top of the skin. It’s important to note that whiteheads can’t be removed or fixed by squeezing them, so don’t try to pop them on your own. Otherwise you may end up with scarring.

Over-the-counter (OTC) whitehead treatments include sulfur, salicylic acid, or benzoyl peroxide. These topical treatments can be applied to the whitehead itself or as an entire facial treatment. They help remove dead skin cells and excess oil, with benzoyl peroxide being the most effective option and sulfur being the mildest on your skin. Salicylic acid may help prevent non-inflammatory acne from returning in the future.

2) Blackheads

Unlike whiteheads, blackheads look black on the skin’s surface. They are known as open comedones because the head of the pore remains open, while the rest of the pore is clogged. Blackheads can be removed by squeezing, although that’s not recommended because it can cause scarring.

3) Papules

Papules are small red bumps that form when oil or excess skin cells block a pore and mix with bacteria on your skin called Cutibacterium acnes or C. acnes (formerly Propionibacterium acnes). The contents of this blocked pore spill out, which allows the bacteria to escape into the surrounding skin tissue. The bacteria then create an inflamed lesion. Papules do not contain pus.

4) Pustules

Pustules are small, bulging bumps with a white center and red, inflamed skin surrounding them. They are usually found in clusters on the chest, face, or back. Pustules form when a blocked pore gets infected, but they can also be caused by hormonal changes in the body. They are similar to papules, except pustules contain yellowish fluid known as pus.

5) Nodules

Nodular acne consists of flesh-colored or red bumps that are deep under the skin’s surface. Nodular acne is usually a result of the C. acnes bacteria causing a painful infection deep within the pore.

6) Cysts

Cystic acne is the most severe form of acne and is also the result of an infection deep within the skin. Acne cysts are large, red, inflamed, painful, and pus-filled. Cysts are softer than nodules because they are pus-filled and often burst, infecting the surrounding skin.

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